Read the Squid Sector Sustainability Update 2021.
The Global Squid Supply Chain Roundtable (GS SR) focuses on engaging supply chains to launch and implement improvement initiatives to support the long-term sustainability of squid fisheries. The SR is composed of European and North American importers and buyers of squid sourced mainly from Asia-Pacific and South American squid fisheries.
Squid fisheries occur both within the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of coastal countries and across international waters. Progress toward improved sustainability performance in the main squid fisheries worldwide is limited by weaknesses in science-based management; illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing and uncontrolled expansion of fishing effort; and widely reported labor and human rights abuses.
Companies involved in the trading and processing of squid products can play a key role in addressing these challenges, by preventing IUU-sourced squid products from entering their supply chains. To do so, companies need to implement better purchasing practices, regularly evaluate supply chain risks, and adhere to due diligence procedures to avoid the risk of product mixing that results from the complex nature of squid supply chains.
See a list of all SR members.
Q4 2022 Update:
- The SR participants have agreed on a strategy for the next three years.
- Current participants are in the process of signing an MoU, and new participants must formally apply to join the group and sign the MoU. Contact SFP for further details.
- New and updated squid profiles are available on FishSource.
- Seafood Source recently published an interview with GS SR industry chair Sarah Hussey.
- In November 2022, the SR was introduced to Spanish industry representatives at an event hosted by Client Earth and the IUU coalition in Madrid. SR participant Grupo Profand presented information about the formalization process in Peru and how the SR is supporting this process. During the event the IUU coalition also presented a new report on IUU fishing and working conditions in the Spanish seafood industry and a code of practice for exercising due diligence in establishing the legal origin of seafood products and marine ingredients.
- The Long-Distance Fleet (LDAC) and Market (MAC) Advisory Councils of the EU have adopted joint advice addressing China's global distant-water fleet (DWF) activities and the implications for fisheries governance worldwide.
Argentine shortfin squid - Illex argentinus
- The FIP is now listed on Fisheryprogress.org and and FIP coordinators were trained at a capacity-building workshop in Lima from December 12-15, 2022, organized by the Peruvian Chamber of the Giant Squid (CAPECAL) and the Argentine Chamber of Jig Shipowners (CAPA), with the support of SFP.
- The First International Scientific Workshop for the Argentine Shortfin Squid took place from November 29-December 1, 2022. Link here
- The Southwest Atlantic Argentine shortfin squid FIP - jig in the Falklands Islands was announced.
Jumbo Flying squid - Dosidicus gigas
- CALAMASUR: The 11th SPRFMO Annual Meeting will take place in February, in Manta. Relevant proposals have been presented to improve the management of Dosidicus gigas in the region.
- JFS - Peru FIP: The formalization process is progressing, though it may be affected by political instability in the coming months.
- The FIP became inactive and we have recommended that the coordinator review and outline a new workplan focusing on the need for stock assessment and ensuring traceability with fleets and Chinese processors.
New Zealand Arrow squid
- Management rules needed to update the FishSource profile are still not publicly available. If no information becomes available during Q1 2023, we will request the information to update the profile.
Addressing Illegal, Unregulated, and Unreported (IUU) Fishing and Human Rights Abuses in Squid Fisheries
With rising concerns about IUU fishing and human rights issues affecting global squid sourcing, some members of the GS SR formed the Squid IUU Prevention Group in July 2021. The group is a pre-competitive industry alliance of concerned companies that, for the first time, have made public commitments to adjust their purchasing policies to avoid IUU fishing products in their supply.
To continue advancing toward improved sustainability of squid fisheries over the next three years, SR participants will focus on the following strategic priorities:
- Strengthening Global Squid SR governance and expanding participation: SR participants will establish stricter participation criteria, to ensure the commitment of partner companies, as well as work on expanding participation to new companies and enhancing governance of the SR. SFP will host the SR secretariat, support the development and implementation of annual workplans, and help the group reach out to new participants.
- Improving transparency and traceability in squid supply chains: Global squid supply chains are highly complex. With few exceptions, squid is harvested in fishing areas with weak regulations and lack of enforcement. Full traceability of a product, from the final buyer back to the fishing vessel, is vital to eliminate the risks surrounding lack of product origin information. This traceability requires a level of transparency by both management authorities and companies. The SR will focus on improving and publicizing participating companies’ purchasing policies, supporting the development of publicly available sustainability assessments of priority fisheries via FishSource, identifying product traceability schemes, and adopting due diligence processes to reduce risks associated with product mixing and developing IUU risk assessments in their supply chains. SR participants will also work to mobilize management authorities to improve or strengthen the implementation of import control schemes.
- Promoting science-based fisheries management to ensure environmentally sustainable fisheries: Although squids are important contributors to healthy marine ecosystems, little is known about the biology and abundance of the main squid stocks. As a result, some of the main commercial species are being fished at unsustainable levels. The SR will advocate with regulators to improve the science base and management frameworks at both national and regional levels by encouraging the development of robust stock assessments in priority fisheries, expressing support for the ratification of international agreements that address identified weaknesses in science and management, promoting the adoption of co-management principles in artisanal squid fisheries within coastal country EEZs, and supporting the initiation and adequate progress of fishery improvement projects (FIPs).
- Addressing human rights abuses in squid fisheries to ensure socially responsible fisheries. Recent evidence has highlighted rampant IUU fishing by distant water fleets (DWFs) in squid fisheries. In addition to risks of overfishing and threats to the health of marine ecosystems, this increased fishing effort by highly subsidized DWFs exacerbates issues of social justice. DWF catches compete – both in the water and in the market – with the catches of non-subsidized and often institutionally marginalized artisanal fleets, for whom squid is their main source of livelihood, further increasing the pressure on this resource. These artisanal fleets often operate in the informal economy and are subject to corruption and abuse from authorities, criminal groups, informal moneylenders, and middlemen. In addition, human rights abuses in squid fisheries – including modern slavery, bonded labor, human trafficking, child labor, unfair remuneration, indecent working conditions, and lack of gender equality – have become an increasing concern for industry in the last few years. Media reports have exposed exploitative labor practices and human rights abuses, particularly on fishing vessels operating in the high seas. SR participants will identify appropriate ways to ensure that human rights abuses do not occur in their supply chains and adopt these methods (e.g., third party audits) as part of their purchasing procedures. Furthermore, SR participants will work on a clear and tangible corporate social responsibility policy that will be posted on their corporate websites, detailing how this policy is responding to the nature and needs of their specific supply chain(s), and how it will be actioned in practical terms.
SR Participation Requirements
- Any company interested in participating in the GS SR must apply via email to the current SFP GS SR lead.
- Participants are required to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU). Current participants are in the process of signing the MoU, and new participants will be required to sign upon joining.
- Companies will publicly endorse and recognize the Public Statement on Squid IUU Issues in Global Supply Chains, and will participate in activities and initiatives to address the challenges identified.
- Participants are encouraged to attend regular meetings, and are required to collaborate with SFP and experts whenever needed.
- Each company is expected to make an initial contribution of USD 3,000.
Library of IUU Resources
This revised SR strategy is based on a thorough review of evidence about IUU fishing, published over the last several years. For original sources and more information on IUU fishing, please visit our IUU Squid Fishing Resource Library.
Join This Roundtable
To join this Supply Chain Roundtable or for more information, please contact Carmen Gonzalez Valles or call SFP at 1-808-726-2582.