Supply Chain Roundtable

Mexican Snapper and Grouper

The Mexican Snapper and Grouper Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) convenes US importers to collaborate on snapper and grouper sustainability work in the Mexican area of the Gulf of Mexico. The SR monitors the work of existing FIPs in that region and addresses overarching issues, such as insufficient governance and illegal fishing.

Mexico is the fourth-largest snapper and grouper producing country in the world, contributing five percent of the global snapper and grouper sector volume. 

Mexico is the most important source of imported snapper and grouper to the United States. Mexican snapper and grouper is a significant trade commodity, and a substantial amount (primarily from the Gulf of Mexico) is exported to the United States.

A great deal of product (especially that harvested in the Pacific) also remains in the domestic market, which is beginning to engage in sustainability. 

Sector Snapshot

2 Mexican Snapper & Grouper FIPs in Gulf of Mexico

9 Roundtable Participating Companies

10 % Regional Snapper and Grouper Production Improving

Join This Roundtable

To join this Supply Chain Roundtable or for more information, please contact Megan Westmeyer or call SFP at 1-808-726-2582.

2021 Update:

  • The Mexican Snapper and Grouper SR was launched in April 2021, after the dissolution of the Mexican Seafood SR (due to a need for enhanced SR participation requirements for the Mexican Pacific shrimp industry). Gulf of Mexico snapper and grouper related activities approved by the Mexican Seafood SR in September 2020 were used to create the 2021 workplan for this SR. 

Sector Background

While about 16 percent of the global snapper and grouper production was considered sustainable or improving in 2014, by 2018, that number had fallen to only about 8 percent. The decrease was due to declines in reported FIP volumes in Indonesia, Mexico, and Brazil, coupled with increased production of both wild and farmed snappers and groupers in countries not engaged with sustainability work.

The success of T75 in the snapper and grouper sector depends upon key production countries, such as Mexico, to demonstrate that sustainable management and harvest of snapper and grouper is possible and to expand FIPs to a regional or national level.

The snapper and grouper sector comprises the wild and farmed snapper (Lutjanidae family) and grouper (Serranidae family) species. Most snapper and grouper species are coastal demersal fish, generally associated to hard-bottom habitats (rocky or reef areas). Snapper and grouper are highly valuable fish for US, European, and some Asian markets. These species are generally traded live, fresh (or chilled), or frozen. 

Activity & Workplan

Action Recommendations for SR Participants:

  • Support progress in Mexican Gulf of Mexico FIPs in key sectors (i.e., snapper, grouper) and encourage key FIPs to expand to national coverage.
  • Buyers of Gulf of Mexico snapper should encourage Mexican vendors to participate in the new FIP and provide financial support to the FIP, if possible.
  • Buyers of Gulf of Mexico seafood should request Gulf of Mexico FIPs to collaborate to address shared challenges and help SFP evaluate the use of market-based tools to combat illegal fishing.

SR Workplan

The Gulf of Mexico snapper and grouper related activities from the September 2020 workplan of the disbanded Mexican Seafood SR were used to create the 2021 workplan for the Mexican Snapper and Grouper SR.

Join This Roundtable

To join this Supply Chain Roundtable or for more information, please contact Megan Westmeyer or call SFP at 1-808-726-2582.