Greenhouse Gas Protocol


Tool Type

Risk assessments | Monitoring and reporting

Risk Type

Climate change

Feed Ingredients

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Animal proteins (LAP/PAP)

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Aquaculture trimmings

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Oil palm

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Single-cell proteins (SCP)

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Vitamins & minerals

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Wild capture fisheries

What is it?

Greenhouse Gas Protocol provides standards, guidance, tools, and training for businesses and governments to measure and manage climate-warming emissions. It has produced globally standardized frameworks to measure and manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains, and mitigation actions.

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol supply various GHG standards to provide a framework for businesses, governments, and other entities to measure and report their greenhouse gas emissions in ways that support their missions and goals, including:

  • The GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard;
  • The Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) for cities and communities;
  • The GHG Protocol Mitigation Goal Standard for designing national and subnational mitigation goals and a standardized approach for assessing and reporting progress toward goal achievement;
  • The Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard for companies to assess their entire value chain emissions impact and identify where to focus reduction activities;
  • The GHG Protocol Policy and Action Standard provides a standardized approach for estimating the greenhouse gas effect of policies and actions for countries and cities;
  • The Product Standard to understand the full life cycle emissions of a product and focus efforts on the greatest GHG reduction opportunities; and,
  • The GHG Protocol for Project Accounting for quantifying the greenhouse gas benefits of climate change mitigation projects.

They also produce guides to provide clarity on how specific sectors can apply GHG Protocol standards and calculation tools and guidance to enable companies and cities to develop comprehensive and reliable inventories of their GHG emissions and help countries and cities track progress toward their climate goals.